Alash Orda: Myrzhakyp Dulatov

The years of life 1885-1935
Kazakh poet, writer, translator Myrzhakyp Dulatov was born on November 25, 1885 in Sarykop area (present Kostanay region).
Myrzhakyp finished primary school in aul. In 1901 he entered the State Russian-Kazakh school, whose pedagogical class he finished in 1902, becoming a rural teacher. Akhmet Baitursynov was a Kazakh language teacher at this school, with whom later on the literary and political activities of Myrzhakyp Dulatov will be inextricably linked.
In 1904, there was an event that changed his whole life. In Karkaraly, he met again with Akhmet Baitursynov and Alikhan Bukeykhanov. Under the influence of these two leaders of the emerging Kazakh reformist national movement, he acquired an anti-colonial, anti-Russian world view.
М. Dulatov actively cooperated with Baitursynov during the publication of Kazakh newspaper, later becoming its editor. He was in the forefront of the Alash party program, was one of the leaders of the Alash Orda government and a member of its Military Council.
Myrzhakyp Dulatov became one of the leaders of Kazakh reformism and national liberation movement. He is one of the organizers of the First and Second All-Russian Congresses in Orenburg.
On December 29, 1928 Dulatov was arrested on charges of nationalism. In the 30s Dulatov found himself in the ranks of the repressed Kazakh intelligentsia. Dulatov was sentenced to execution, but then the sentence was reviewed and the punishment was replaced by 10 years of camps. There, priest Pavel Florensky helped Mirzhakip get a job as a nurse in a hospital.
Dulatov died in Solovetsky camp on October 5, 1935.
In 1988 Mirzhakyp Dulatov was posthumously rehabilitated.

Алаш Орда


Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.