Healthy lifestyle. Prevention of tuberculosis, measles and dermatomycosis

On March 5, 2024, a meeting of students with specialists of the Department of Sanitary and Epidemiological Control of the Kazybek bi district took place.

World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated annually on March 24. This year, the disease control campaign is held under the slogan: “It’s time for you to contribute to the fight against tuberculosis.” In general, there is a decrease in the main epidemiological indicators in Kazakhstan, over the past five years the incidence of tuberculosis has decreased by 1.3 times.

Chief specialist Omar A. T. spoke about the causative agent of tuberculosis, the clinic, and preventive measures. He noted the importance of a fluorographic examination. He familiarized with the work schedule of the mobile fluorography unit in Karaganda.

Chief specialist Satbai A.S. familiarized with the epidemiological situation of measles in Kazakhstan and the Karaganda region since the beginning of the year. She noted that unvaccinated children under the age of 14 are more likely to get sick. Measles is highly contagious and has severe complications. Given that measles is a vaccine-controlled infection, additional immunization of previously unvaccinated children and adolescents under 18 years of age is currently being carried out in all medical institutions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

A leading specialist, T.B. Knasheva, spoke about dermatomycosis and scabies.

Dermatomycosis is an infectious disease caused by parasitic fungi. According to the clinic, they are divided into mycoses of smooth skin, scalp, hands, feet and nails. Infection occurs in close contact with a sick person when sharing household items, visiting public places (sauna, swimming pool).

Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by the scabies mite. It is transmitted from person to person through close bodily contact or through household supplies of a scabies patient, contact with his clothes, with a handshake. The main symptom of scabies is severe itching, which occurs more often in the evening and at night.

To prevent dermatomycosis and scabies, you should not use someone else’s clothes, gloves, towel, washcloth. Upon returning home from public places, trips in transport, be sure to wash your hands with soap. Avoid casual sexual intercourse.

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