Kalmykov Nikolai Petrovich – gunner of the 4th Battery of the 278th Guards Fighter Tank Artillery Regiment (4th Guards Fighter Tank Brigade, 5th Shock Army, 1st Belorussian Front), Senior Sergeant of the Guards – at the time of presentation for the Order of Glory II degree.
Born in 1920 in Skorodumovo village, Khmelnitsky district, Gorky region. Russian.
In 1940 he was drafted into the Red Army. He started the Great Patriotic War near Moscow and finished in Berlin.
Nikolay Pavlovich Kalmykov served as an artillery soldier in the Far East. In November 1941 he arrived to the front, defended the capital in the Serpukhov district.
When forcing the Dnieper, the platoon of forty five millimeter guns crossed as part of the forward detachment. In the first hours of the battle for the bridgehead, one gun failed. Gunners with one gun, where the gunner was Nikolay Klimov, skillfully supported our infantry. During the 2nd counterattack the enemy wounded the platoon commander and the branch commander. Sergeant Kalmykov took over the command.
During the Byelorussian operation the Soviet troops were moving forward rapidly. Senior Sergeant Nikolai Pavlovich Kalmykov proved himself excellently in these battles. Only in one battle near the village of Podrechye he destroyed up to three dozens of Hitlerites and hit a car with ammunition.
A few days later, Nikolai again distinguished himself. During the liquidation of the surrounding group in the village of Svisloch, his gun covered the crossing of the river. The calculation steadfastly reflected all counterattacks of the enemy. The commander of the gun was wounded, but remained in battle.
For courage and firmness shown in this battle, Kalmykov Nikolai Pavlovich was awarded the Order of Glory III degree. He was awarded the Order of Glory, II class, for supporting tanks and destroying enemy fire points, which prevent the Soviet troops from attacking when forcing the Oder River in Berlin operation. The calculation of the seventy six millimeter cannon, commanded by Nikolai Pavlovich Kalmykov, was in the thick of battle. When the enemy tried to escape from the encirclement and it came to hand-to-hand, the commander, who destroyed five fascists, even the wounded did not leave the battlefield.
On April 16, 1945 units of the Red Army were attacking Berlin. From the Zaodersk foothold towards the town of Goltsov in one of the battles, his calculation destroyed two jets, three machine guns, dozens of Hitlerites. The way to Berlin was opened. For the feat, performed while holding the bridgehead on the river Berezina, the defeat of the enemy group near the town of Bobruisk, Nikolai Kalmykov was awarded the Order of Glory I degree.
In May 1945, the Guards Petty Officer N.P. Kalmykov was demobilized. He lived in the town of Balkhash and worked as a foundry worker at the mill.
He died in 2004 and was buried in the town of Balkhash.
The material is published on the basis of the book published in Bolashak Baspa and on materials of the Internet.
Heroes of Karaganda [Text]: a collection of biographical information / edited by Zh. S. Akylbaev, A. A. Abdakimov, N. O. Dulatbekov, R. K. Omarbekova. – Karaganda: Bolashak-Baspa, 2000. – – 146 p.